Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) (GPT) assay

For the quantitative in vitro determination of ALT in serum or plasma. This product is suitable for automated, semi-automated and manual use.

SKU: AL2360 Categories: , , , , Method: UV (IFCC) Format: Lyophilised Size: R1a 5x100ml, R1b 5x100ml Assay Range: Measuring range 7.99 to 500 U/l Working Stability: To expiry at +2 to +8°C Available Applications: Applications are available for a wide range of instruments Tags: , , , ,

$339.46

In stock

Quantity

$339.46

In stock

Description

Intended Use

For the quantitative in vitro determination of ALT in serum or plasma. This product is suitable for automated, semi-automated and manual use.

Clinical Significance

The aminotransferases are a group of enzymes that catalyse the interconversions of amino acids and I-oxoacids by transfer of amino groups. The enzyme ALT (alanine aminotransferase or glutamate pyruvate transaminase) has been found to be in highest concentrations in the liver, with decreasing concentrations found in kidney, heart, skeletal muscle, pancreas, spleen and lung tissue respectively. ALT measurements are used in the diagnosis and treatment of certain liver diseases (e.g. viral hepatitis and cirrhosis) and heart diseases.

Elevated levels of the transaminases can indicate myocardial infarction, hepatic disease, muscular dystrophy and organ damage. Elevated levels of ALT in serum are rarely observed except in parenchymal liver disease, since ALT is a more liver specific enzyme.

The IFCC (International Federation of Clinical Chemistry) has now recommended standardized procedures for ALT determinations including:
1. Optimization of substrate concentrations.
2. Employment of Tris buffers (instead of phosphate which has been shown to inhibit recombination of the apoenzyme with pyridoxal phosphate).
3. Preincubation of combined buffer and serum to allow side reactions with NADH to occur.
4. Substrate start (-oxoglutarate).
5. Optional pyridoxal phosphate activation.

This is an optimized standard method according to the concentrations recommended by the IFCC.

Product Availability

Product Availability

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